Raquet / Wiki / v1x / Drawing Sprites

Drawing Sprites

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 The Raquet graphical system is a bit quirky, not like other game engines, asinine if you will. Raquet's native image format is the .PPF, which is based on the NES CHR file format, and can be created with the (unstable) PPF-Sprite-Editor tool.

 The .PPF file format holds an array of 8x8 tiles each with 3 colors, + transparency. To load them into Raquet, you'll need to load the file (also known as a Bank), create a tile, and then arrange your sprite with the tiles you need.

Loading .PPF Banks

 To load a sprite, you must first load a .PPF bank into memory. Typically, we call our main .PPF file main.ppf, but you can really name it whatever you want. To load a .PPF into memory, we first need to create a PPF_Bank to store this data, usually named with the ppf_ prefix.

/* PPF Banks */
PPF_Bank ppf_main;

Then we can load a file into this bank. (If you don't know what the & means, don't worry about it.)

LoadPPFBank(&ppf_main, "./assets/main.ppf");

 It's important to note that without the ./ in the file path, our code would have the risk of segfaulting due to the application trying to find the assets in the directory you ran the program from. (This can occur when running from a command prompt, and probably in other scenarios, so this is good practice even if you're only running the program within its own directory).

Creating Palettes

 The palette data is hard-coded into Raquet, and can be modified within the Raquet.h file if you don't like our colors. Palettes are stored from 00-3F, and are addressed with PAL followed by their accessed number. (e.g PAL01 or PAL2F). To create a palette, we must create an array of 3 values to hold its data.

/* Palettes */
Palette pal_face[3];

If your Palette is a compile-time element, you can initialize it like so:

/* Palettes */
Palette pal_face[3] = { PAL0D, PAL00, PAL20 };

However, if you want to initalize your palette in compile-time, you can easily initalize it in a function via the Raquet_SetPalette() function.


Raquet_SetPalette(pal_face, PAL0D, PAL00, PAL20);

Once you've initialzied your palette, you're now ready to start loading your sprites.

Loading CHRs from Banks

 Once we have our .PPF bank loaded, we can now access our CHRs from the file. This is also a very simple process. For both single-tile sprites, and multi-tile sprites, we usually name our variables with the chr_ prefix.

To initialize a sprite, we must first create the variable to hold it.

Raquet_CHR chr_placeface;

To load a sprite into this CHR, there are 2 different methods, each based on your needs.

Loading Single-Tile Sprites

To load a single-tile sprite, we can use the LoadCHR() function.


chr_placeface = LoadCHR(ppf_main, 0, pal_face);

 We first select which bank we are loading from, and then which tile we want. Tile data is stored from 0 to the end of the file, with 0 being the first tile in the array. After we choose what tile we want, we then pass what palette we want to use for the sprite.

Loading Multi-Tile Sprites

 Loading a multi-tile sprite is pretty similar to loading a single-tile sprite, but with a few extra steps. First, we need to create an array of what tiles we want to use, sorted by left to right, top to bottom.

int arr_raquetlogo_R[2] = {1, 7};

Then, we can use the LoadCHRMult() function, to load our sprite.


chr_raquetlogo_R = LoadCHRMult(ppf_main, arr_raquetlogo_R, 1, 2, pal_logo);

 The syntax here is fairly similar to the single-tile function, but with 3 additional variables we need to pass. Our first variable is the same as our single-tile function, but the second requires us to pass the array of indexes instead of one single index. The third and fourth variables are just the width of the sprite in tiles, and the height of the sprite in tiles. This specific sprite is one CHR wide, and 2 CHRs tall, so the values passed are 1, 2. Our last variable is the same as the last variable passed in our single-tile function, being the palette array.

If you want a transparent 8x8 tile in your array, you can pass -1 and it will be loaded as a blank tile.

Drawing Sprites to the Screen

Once we've successfully loaded our sprite into memory, we can draw it to the screen with a simple PlaceCHR().


PlaceCHR(chr_placeface, 0, 0);

 This will place the CHR we input, in the exact x and y coordinates, onto the screen. In this case, being the top left. We can also use the function PlaceCHR_ext() to get more control over how the sprite is displayed

// Origin X and Y
Raquet_Point point_placeface = { 8, 8- };

PlaceCHR_ext(chr_placeface, 0, 0, 16, 16, 45, point_placeface, SDL_FLIP_NONE);

 The first 2 extra variables here determine the exact width and height, in pixels, of the sprite drawn on screen. We then have the rotation of the sprite, a Raquet_Point that contains the origin of the sprite to be rotated around, and an SDL flip value. In this specific case, the sprite will be drawn as a 16x16 image, rotated 45 degress around its center.

Unloading Sprites from Memory

When we're done with our CHR, we can destroy it using DestroyCHR()